Regulations for the government of the United States Navy (1865)

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Section 1.

When Embarked.

976 Whenever instructions are given to the Commandant of the marine corps to prepare a guard for a vessel going into commission, he will immediately cause the proper number of officers and men to be detailed and kept in readiness for embarcation,

977 When a vessel is ready for the reception of the marines, the Commanding Officer of the station will notify the Commanding Marine Officer, whose duty it shall be to have sent to the designated place of embarcation the detachment which may have been previously ordered for such vessel.

978 When marines are received on board a vessel they are to be entered separately on her books as part of the complement, or as supernumeraries, as the case may require, and are to be, in all respects, upon the same footing as the seamen with regard to provisions and short allowances.

979 The senior marine officer shall report daily in writing to the Commander of the vessel the state of the guard

980 They are not to be diverted from their appropriate duties, or called upon to coal ship, or work as mechanics, except in case of emergency.

981 They may be furnished by the Paymaster with clothing and small stores when the Commanding Marine Officer shall certify that they require them, and the Commander of the vessel approves the issue.

982 The Commanding Marine Officer is to have charge of, and will be accountable for, the arms, accoutrements, and clothing belonging to the marines, and he will be careful to have the whole preserved in the best possible manner. He will report any injury that may result to them from the neglect or misconduct of any person, that the amount may be recovered from him.

983 A detachment of marines, on joining a vessel-of-war for sea service, will always be accompanied by the officers who are attached to it.

984 They will be exercised in the manual of arms, and duties of the soldier, by their officers, at such times and places as the Commander may appoint.

985 As occasions may arise when it may become necessary to employ marines at the great guns, they shall be instructed as full gun's crews by their own officers, and also may be assigned as parts of ordinary gun's crews under other officers of divisions. But the Commanding Officer will be careful not so to assign marines except in cases of necessity, 986 When not on guard, or on duty as sentinels, they are to be subject to the orders of the sea officers in the same manner as the seamen.

987 All general orders to sentinels shall pass through the Marine Officer. The sentinels on the spar deck may receive special orders from the Officer of the Deck when an emergency may require it ; should they be of an important character, the latter shall inform the Senior Marine Officer and the Commander of the vessel.

988 Any misbehavior of the marines on guard duty, or on duty as sentinels, is to be reported to the Officer of the Deck, and by him made known to the Senior Marine Officer on board, who will report the same to the Executive Officer, who, if requisite, will refer the case to the Commanding Officer.

989 No officer of the navy of inferior relative rank shall give orders to a marine officer, unless such navy officer be at the time in command of the vessel, or be the Executive Officer, or Officer of the Deck.

990 The Commanding Marine Officer will be particularly attentive to the comfort and cleanliness of his men, as well as their soldier-like appearance and efficiency. He will inspect the clothing at least once a month, and report to the Commanding Officer of the vessel in case of any loss or abuse.

991 If repairs of the arms and accoutrements become necessary, the Marine Officer will apply to the Executive Officer for such assistance as can be afforded.

992 The Marine Officer, with the approval of the Commander of the vessel, may reduce non-commissioned officers for misconduct or incompetency, and make promotions to supply vacancies ; should no Marine Officer be attached to the vessel, the Commanding Officer may order such reductions and promotions.

993 The clothing accounts, muster-rolls, and such other accounts as may be directed by the Commandant of the marine corps, will be kept by the officer or non-commissioned officer in charge of the guard of any vessel, who will forward them, through the prescribed channel, to the Senior Marine Officer of the fleet.

994 When there shall be more than one marine officer attached to a vessel, one shall at all times be on board for duty, unless upon very particular occasions, to be judged of by the Commanding Officer of the vessel.

995 When a vessel is to be put out of commission, the marine officer, with the guard, shall remain on board until all the officers and crew are detached, and the ship regularly turned over to the officers of the navy yard or station where they may arrive.

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